Friday, August 12, 2011

Naan Kadavul - I am God; God is great.

Two things before the review - 1) I wish the ending credits had been translated into roman script so I could give credit to the actors I enjoyed and 2) consider this post your post-Beauty Pageant Week palate cleanser. You're welcome



The experience of watching Naan Kadavul is akin to that of getting of headbutt from the main character of the film, an aghori played by Arya. And I mean that, of course, in the best way possible - watching Naan Kadavul knocked everything else out of my head. Director Bala has crafted a remarkable film on the nature of God and life and on the things we do to survive. Although it’s set among a community of beggars, Naan Kadavul is no soppy tearjerker or pretentious art film, it’s got a biting wit and is packed full of gallows humor... sometimes literally.

Naan Kadavul begins with a father looking for his lost son in what looks like Varanasi, on the banks of the Ganges. The father had been told by astrologists that his son had an unlucky horoscope and in order to avoid tainting the rest of his family, he needed to cast his son from his sight for fourteen years. Now that time is ended and the father wants to take his son back home. There’s just one problem - his son (Arya) is now an aghori who has been completely taken over by the spirit of God.

In a parallel story, we meet a group of beggars who are owned by a real jerk of a boss (Rajendran). Every day he sends them out to beg and in the evening, he collects the money. One of the boss’s middle managers (Krishnamoorthy) is captivated by a blind woman with an incredible voice (Pooja) and captures her for his gang.

The stories of the blind woman and the aghori finally intersect in an orgy of violence but how and why is something I’ll you find out when you watch the film - and you should watch the film.

As demonstrated in Pithamagan, director Bala has an incredible eye for two things. The first is the role of filmi songs to bring people to together and to provide catharsis, as in the incredible song medley. The second is to find the human soul on the fringes of humanity. Pithamagan gave us a look into the souls of a con artist and a man raised in a graveyard - two characters living outside of mainstream society. Naan Kadavul, too, plays with both of these themes in the narrative track that follows the blind woman.

Bala’s depiction of the community of beggars is nothing short of remarkable. I wish that the credits of the film had been translated because the cast of disabled actors he assembled was simply mind-blowing and I have never seen a film that treated its disabled subjects with more respect. Bala understands our impulse as an audience to gawk and feel pity and he indulges us for maybe 3 minutes before he switches perspective. As the beggars are introduced in a song picturization, we see their hard lives begging and being beaten with that full Slumdog Millionaire-style condescension. And then Bala does something unexpected - he shows us the beggars laughing and good-naturedly dancing to amuse themselves. Suddenly, the beggars aren’t there for our pity, they are just human beings living their lives.

The community of beggars provide the raw human heart of the film on their own terms. A small man with deformed limbs has a quick wit and a (metaphorically) big mouth and enjoys cracking wise at all alike, laughing heartily at his own jokes. A woman with two deformed legs, unable to walk, plays along in fake-marrying their overseer Murugan when he is too drunk to realize what’s going on. A grandfather tenderly cares for his mentally disabled granddaughter. A hijra in a shabby black wig gamely dances to an item song for the amusement of the police. The biggest beggar, who speaks in the childlike voice of the castrati, protects money for his friends.

Pooja, Rajendran, and Krishnamoorthy have the three biggest speaking roles and all three are fantastic. Pooja’s character is completely at the mercy of her captors and yet she possesses a strong backbone and a deep sense of self-preservation. She is timid at first with her new community but once she realizes that she is safe and cared for, she easily settles into her new life and is unafraid to voice her opinions. Krishnamoorthy is playing the somewhat ‘gray’ character of Murugan the overseer and does a fine job showing the tensions at war within him. Rajendran is pure evil but we get a hint of what drives him when a bigger boss shows up and begins treating him like a small town huckster. Then we know what evil really is.

Arya’s track is almost completely separate from the beggars’ track. The aghori is God in heaven, interacting only with the humans in order to pass judgement and then carry out the sentence. One of the most effective portions of this story shows the aghori at home with his family but completely separate from them. He smokes ganja in the house and does prayer rituals on the roof in the middle of the night. Seeing the mortification on the faces of the family as they hide in their beds while the entire neighborhood comes out to gawk at the aghori was one of the highlights of the film. True divinity, says Bala in this scene, cannot coexist with societal propriety.

And Arya himself is phenomenal. If I hadn’t known him before this film I would never have been able to identify him in anything else. His eyes are glazed, his manner frenetic, and his voice a deep growl. He struts around nearly nude with wild hair flowing everywhere. And when Bala turns up the wind machine on some of those tight close-ups of Arya’s face, the effect is otherworldly. The aghori is divine and we are all nothing to him.

I was genuinely surprised when looking up reviews of Naan Kadavul to see that most critics were underwhelmed - saying that the script was weak, the film glorified violence, and/or dwelled too much on the cruelties inflicted on the beggars. I strongly disagree with all three critiques. The appeal of a film like Naan Kadavul is in the characters and their relationships to one another rather than in clever plotting and Bala gave even the smallest characters (literally, sometimes) room to breathe and become human. As for the glorified violence, it was no more graphic than in a typical masala film and I don’t think Bala was encouraging viewers to go out and being beating people vigilante style. The film was a fable and the violence should be taken in that tone but I understand how somebody reading the film as “realistic” mind be concerned with the violence because in Naan Kadavul, violence is handed out as punishment. Lastly, I don’t think the cruelties to the beggars were dwelt upon. Certainly all sorts of disabled actors were shown on screen and violence to them was hinted at but underlying it all was the feeling that these men and women were scrappers and survivors, not objects of pity.

Naan Kadavul is a film that sticks with you and one that I think would hold up well to repeat viewing. I kind of want to watch it again right now... and deliver a firm headbutt to anybody trying to stop me.



What? Arya's just chilling on top of a corpse. Don't be hating!


Wonderful performance from Rajendran - one of the few actors I was able to put a name to.


Krishnamoorthy as Murugan on the right but I really loved his butch assistant...


"Woe is us, our lives are so pathetic."



THIS is where Bala really hooked me... sure the beggars have a hard life but sometimes you've just got to laugh. Western filmmakers don't understand how to play emotions off of each other like Bala does here.



You can't see Arya's hair waving in the breeze from a still shot but admire the difference in lighting. Look, lady, you may have popped him out but God doesn't play favorites. No touching God.


This little girl was so cute!


The little guy on the right was hilarious! He and his big BFF stole every scene they were in together.


I kept imagining all the people who raved over Slumdog watching this and just having their minds blown.


Enter Pooja.



Rajinikanth stops by to sing at the police station.


The swami at the temple has no arms and no legs and doesn't speak or look at anybody.


Like anybody else could have made this! Of course it's a film by Bala!

As I was going over the film again to capture a few stills for you, I was struck again by how much I had come to love these characters over the course of the film. I really felt a great empathy for all the beggars and got a little misty eyed remembering all the things that happen to them.
Some of these actors must have very difficult moments in just living their everyday lives and I want to really express my gratitude to them for helping to bring such wonderful characters and a wonderful film to life. If anybody knows who is who, please do let me know so I can put names to faces.

Thank you, Bala, for a wonderful film!

9 comments:

Moimeme said...

I've heard lots about Naan Kaduval, and every glowing review of it convinces me that it's a film that I won't watch. Or perhaps I should say, "can't" watch. My tolerance for violence or visuals of the not pretty is rather low, I'm afraid. I'm sorry that that should be so, because it prevents me from watching other much lauded films, like Pan's Labyrinth.

But I wanted to question why you keep calling the aghori as god. That's not what an aghori is. In fact, aghoras (unless they completely ignored established conventions and invented their own definitions) are practitioners of what would be called "black magic" in western idiom -- i.e, they do not worship God, but other lesser and somewhat evil spirits. Legend has it that they feed on corpses, for instance. Now, unless Bala was trying to rehabilitate their image, too, from this legendary depiction, the interpretation of Arya's character as god (though that's what the title means) doesn't fit. But maybe that is what Bala is trying to do - show that god is in everyone, including those usually considered the lowest of the low (a concept that is very much consistent with Hindu philosophy).

The only way I'll know is by watching the film, which, unfortunately, I can't. :(

Filmi Girl said...

@moimeme That is an excellent question and I will tell you!

The reason is because that is how the aghori refers to himself throughout the entire film. I was actually thinking of doing a post on just that angle.

It's really a fantastic film but there is a lot of violence, so maybe it's better you don't see it.

Moimeme said...

Thanks for your reply, FG. Yes, that answers the quetion, and is also what the title of the film is saying, so it all makes sense. Maybe one of these days I'll work up my courage to watch this. If not, I'm at least glad people like you have done the watching for me and reviewed it.

J Hurtado said...

Did you watch this after I mentioned it? Hehe. I haven't seen it yet, but I'm anxious too. I'm deep in SI films right now

Nani said...

Hey FG and Moimeme,i would like to add some points here....it can be food for thought...The aghori's are basically people who worship God "shiva" (one of the Hindu "Trinity")in his destructive form i.e, "Rudra"...they live in crematoriums and feed on dead corpses and at the same time practice rigid yet undefinable things which a civilized and societal world considers as taboo and unacceptable.Aghori's believe that they are the messengers of the Lord rudra and they are bestowed with the power of delivering judgments and punishments for the earthly creatures.

Nani said...

@ moimeme,what western idiom says about aghori's are not decisive right?their interpretations are entirely wrong.Aghori's actually worship The God Shiva in his destructive form called "Rudra"....and whoever says lord rudra is a evil spirit????

Vivek said...

I'd like to make a correction here. The Aghoras' do not worship Rudra. They worship Bhairava (Bhairava himself having several manifestations). Both Rudra and Bhairava are forms of Shiva.

Bhaivara's appearance is akin to the Aghora's appearance in the movie. The Aghoras' rituals also heavily involve death, the grave-yard (and accompanying symbolism like the application of ash etc. which to this day is still applied to the forehead in temples to signify the fact that all human beings ultimately die and turn to ash via cremation. )

Black magic in India is an extremely unclear and poorly (almost not) defined. There are similarities to African black magic. I doubt there is anything in the religious texts to do with black magic.

Subhash Nair said...

Yeah....I'm sorry...my bad...if you want me to be so precise then its not just Bhairava...It is Kaal Bhairava...Aghori's in Ujjain are also called as kaapalikas(Kaal Bhairava bearing a skull bowl in his hand)

(and accompanying symbolism like the application of ash etc. which to this day is still applied to the forehead in temples to signify the fact that all human beings ultimately die and turn to ash via cremation. )-Excellent interpretation...

(Black magic in India is an extremely unclear and poorly (almost not) defined.)-As you have said that the magic(Tantra) in question is unclear and poorly defined,people interpret it as Black Magic.

(There are similarities to African black magic)-Black Magic(Tantra) as an Art has similarities with all similarly performed rituals around the world...

(I doubt there is anything in the religious texts to do with black magic.)-There are so many references in our religious texts about Tantra and Vamachara practiced by people.

Jaisy Bonie said...

Saw it yesterday night. The portrayal of beggars was never-seen-before.

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